Child Adoption Process in Nepal

Child  Adoption Process in Nepal

Child Adoption Process in Nepal
Child Adoption Process in Nepal

(This article explains the legal process of domestic adoption in Nepal)

1. Introduction of Adoption Process in Nepal 

It is a legally accepted act of creating civil paternity between two persons by transferring a parent’s legal rights and duties to another person. In this context, all the parental rights and responsibilities are transferred from the biological parents of the child to the adoptive parents.

Both the adopting parents and the biological parents must have mutual understanding or shall have consent for adoption.  

1.1 What is the legal meaning of Child Adoption? – Nepalese Child Adoption by Nepalese Spouse.  

Legally, domestic adoption means to accept other people’s children of Nepali as their own children by the adopter being Nepali citizen only.  It is the legal process of adopting a child who is the permanent citizen or resident of Nepal by the Nepali adopter.

In case of Nepal, for adoption, one must file application in the concerned District Court mentioning the reasons for adoption along with the details of to be adopted individual.

Childless couple can file application if they want to adopt. However, any person who has children but files a petition at the concerned District Court to adopt a child and proves that his financial capability to arrange for the overall maintenance of the child, the Court can grab permit upon inquiry of the capability.

2.Governing Laws for Child Adoption and Child Adoption Process in Nepal

  • Muluki Civil Code, 2074,
  • Muluki Civil Procedure Rules, 2075
  • An act relating to Children, 2075
  • Constitution of Nepal, 2072

3. Governing authority for Child Adoption

Governing authority for domestic adoption is District Court of Nepal.

4. Maximum legal age for Child Adoption in Nepal

According to the National Civil Code, 2074,

S.NRequired maximum age
1.For adopter– Unmarried man and woman (completed 45 years of age)

-Couple to whom no child has born even up to ten years of the marriage,


– Divorcee woman or judicially separated woman, having no son or daughter

2.For adoptee–  Not above 14 years of age


5. Government fee for Child Adoption in Nepal

  • The government fee would be Rs.500/- only 

6. Time required for Child Adoption in Nepal

  • Usually, the court procedure takes 2 days but it might take maximum 15 days for overall completion of documentation and presentation with judgement in the court.

7. Age difference of Child adopter and Child adoptee in Nepal

  • At least 25 years of age
  • No age restriction within the relation of three generations

 8. Criteria of Child Adopting Process in Nepal

 Generally, the criteria for adoption in Nepal is outlined clearly in the adoption related laws and regulations of the nation. In such context, some of the eligibility as well non-eligibility of adoption are

Child Adoption in Nepal
Child Adoption in Nepal

9. Documents Required for filing Child Adoption:

Child adoption Lawyer will seek some of the documents required which are enlisted below;

S.NRequired Documents
1. Details of the adopting person/parents.
2. Citizenship of the adopter/adopting person.
3. Birth certificate or Citizenship of the child who is to be adopted.
4. Relationship verification document between the family members of the child to be adopted.
5. Consent letter of the adopting parents or adopter.
6. Consent letter of the adoptee child (above 10 years)
7. Consent letter of the parents of the child to be adopted
8. Recommendation letter concerning the financial status of the adopter as well the evidence of the movable/immovable property of the adopter
9.Recommendation letter of adoption from the concerned ward of the adopter.
10. Passport sized photo 3/3 of the adopter, adoptee and the parents of the child.
11. Deed document of adoption
12. Application for adoption
13. Citizenship copies of the witness
14. Police report of the adopter (with notarization)
15. Marriage registration certificate of the adopting husband and wife
16. Recommendation letter of not having child or cannot have child in future (by adopter) from the Medical Board.

10. The Process for Child Adopting by Nepalese Couple :

The process for the Child Adoption within Nepal by Nepali citizen is mentioned below;

Child adoption process in Nepal
Child adoption process in Nepal

 11. Legal Status of the Adopted child

After the child is legally adopted by the Nepali citizen, the adopter shall treat that child as considering him/her as their own biological child. The child shall have right to receive each and every aspect of care and respect as well support from the adoptive parents. Some legal status or rights the child achieves are below.

Legal Status of adopted child
Legal Status of adopted child

12. Obligations of Child Adopter and Adoptee towards each other:

There are certain obligations of adopter and adoptee towards each other after adoption. Some reliable obligations include;

Obligation of adoptee and adaptor
Obligation of adoptee and adaptor

13. Conditions where Child Adoption Shall be Terminated: 

  1. If adoption is annulled in following conditions;
  2. If the adopted son/daughter fails to fulfill their obligations towards their adopting parents.
  3. If the adoptee evicts or abuses the adopter physically or mentally.
  4. In case if the adoptee misuses the property of the adopter.
  5. If the adoptee leaves without consent for 3 years or more.
  6. If the adopter fails to fulfill their obligations towards adoptee.
  7. Adopting person having their own son if adopts another son, and having their own daughter if adopts another daughter
  8. If the adopter is of unsound mind
  9. If adopter is convicted of a morally turpitude crime.
  10. In case if written consent is not obtained from the child who is to be adopted and the biological parents of the child, at the time of adoption procedure.
  11. If there is absence of 25 years age difference between the adopter and adoptee.
  12. In case if the adoptee is once adopted as son or daughter.


Please do visit our article for inter-country / child adoption process by foreigners in Nepal:

Please contact us today itself if you are in search of  Child Adoption Lawyers in Nepal on +9779841933745 or email [email protected]

Disclaimer: All contains available here are for general information purposes. A proper legal solution always depends on your particular circumstances thus seek advice from an attorney who can provide assurances of the information contained herein and interpretation of it.  All liability with respect to actions taken on the basis of the site’s information is hereby expressly disclaimed. 




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